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The basis of live and its evolution

General data

Course ID: WB-BI-36-08
Erasmus code / ISCED: 13.1 Kod klasyfikacyjny przedmiotu składa się z trzech do pięciu cyfr, przy czym trzy pierwsze oznaczają klasyfikację dziedziny wg. Listy kodów dziedzin obowiązującej w programie Socrates/Erasmus, czwarta (dotąd na ogół 0) – ewentualne uszczegółowienie informacji o dyscyplinie, piąta – stopień zaawansowania przedmiotu ustalony na podstawie roku studiów, dla którego przedmiot jest przeznaczony. / (unknown)
Course title: The basis of live and its evolution
Name in Polish: Podstawy życia i jego ewolucja
Organizational unit: Faculty of Biology and Environmental Sciences
Course groups: (in Polish) Przedmioty dla III roku biologii I stopnia
ECTS credit allocation (and other scores): 0 OR 2.00 (depends on study program) Basic information on ECTS credits allocation principles:
  • the annual hourly workload of the student’s work required to achieve the expected learning outcomes for a given stage is 1500-1800h, corresponding to 60 ECTS;
  • the student’s weekly hourly workload is 45 h;
  • 1 ECTS point corresponds to 25-30 hours of student work needed to achieve the assumed learning outcomes;
  • weekly student workload necessary to achieve the assumed learning outcomes allows to obtain 1.5 ECTS;
  • work required to pass the course, which has been assigned 3 ECTS, constitutes 10% of the semester student load.

view allocation of credits
Language: Polish
Subject level:

intermediate

Learning outcome code/codes:

BI1_W01, BI1_W03,BI1_W04

Short description:

To acquaint students with the processes and laws concerning the evolution of species. The emergence of the diversity of the natural world, changes in eras and periods.

Full description:

The lecture aims to present the theory of evolution, processes and laws that govern it. Changes in the development of organisms in particular eras and periods are discussed. The student learns about the theories of the great extinction and the consequences of these natural disasters.

Bibliography:
Efekty kształcenia i opis ECTS:

Subject effects in terms of knowledge:

Subject effect 1. The student understands biological processes and phenomena in the field of evolution and the mechanisms associated with it

Subject effect 2. The student understands the subject matter of the subject and the relationship of the subject with other biological disciplines

Subject effect 3. The student knows how to explain the concepts and use terminology in the field of evolution, has knowledge of research methods used in this field

Subject effects in terms of skills:

Subject effect 4. The student studies literature in Polish and English on topics related to the evolution of organisms

Subject effect 5. The student uses a variety of information sources, including digital sources, to acquire knowledge of the theory of evolution

Subject effect 6. The student uses the scientific language during discussions on topics covered in class

Subject effect 7. The student prepares oral presentations on the topic of classes

Subject effect 8. The student gains independently knowledge of the theory of evolution in a targeted manner

Subject effect in terms of social competence:

Subject effect 9. The student works in a team, manages the team's work and is also able to assume various roles in the team

Subject effect 10. The student sees dilemmas related to the profession and strives to solve them

Subject effects assigned to lectures (1-3).

Subject effects to exercises (4-10).

Description of ECTS for the subject: 4 ECTS [1 ECTS = 30h]

Participation in lectures: 30h

Preparation for the exam: 30h

Participation in the exercises: 30h

Preparation for the test: 20h

Participation in consultations: 10h

total: 120h [120/30 = 4]

Assessment methods and assessment criteria:

Assessment of the lectures:

Test exam, material from the lectures is obligatory. The condition for admission to the final examination is participation in lectures and completion of exercises. Two absences from lectures are allowed.

Test exam - closed questions with one correct answer and open-ended questions.

Final grade:

94-100% - 5

93-88% - 4,5

87-80% - 4

79-70% - 3,5

69-60% - 3

mniej niż 59,9% -2

Tutorial grade:

The final grade for the exercises depends on obtaining the grade from the test

The student must be present during the field activities. 1 unexcused hour per semester is allowed.

Assessment of the test (multiple choice test, drawings to be completed, open-ended questions):

94-100% - 5

93-88% - 4.5

87-80% - 4

79-70% - 3.5

69-60% - 3

less than 59.9% -2

Knowledge:

For grade 2 (insufficient): a student does not understand biological processes and phenomena in the field of evolution and mechanisms associated with it, the student does not understand the subject matter and the relationship of the subject with other biological disciplines; student cannot explain concepts and cannot use terminology in the field of evolution, has no knowledge of research methods used in this field

For grade 3 (sufficient): a student at a basic level understands biological processes and phenomena in the field of evolution and mechanisms associated with it, a student at a basic level understands the subject matter and the relationship of the subject with other biological disciplines; the student at the basic level is able to explain the concepts and can use the basic terminology in the field of evolution, has a basic knowledge of research methods used in this field

For grade 4 (good): a good level student understands biological processes and phenomena in the field of evolution and mechanisms associated with it, a good level student understands the subject matter and the relationship of the subject with other biological disciplines; a good level student knows how to explain concepts and knows how to use sufficient terminology in the field of evolution, has sufficient knowledge of research methods used in this field

For grade 5 (very good): a student understands biological processes and phenomena in the field of evolution and mechanisms related to it at a very good level, the student understands the subject matter and the relationship of the subject with other biological disciplines at a very good level; a student at a very good level knows how to explain concepts and can use terminology at a high level in the field of evolution, has a very good knowledge of research methods used in this field

Skills:

For grade 2 (insufficient): a student does not study Polish and English literature on topics related to the evolution of organisms; student does not use various sources of information, including digital sources, to acquire knowledge of the theory of evolution; student does not use scientific language during discussions on topics raised in class; student does not prepare oral presentations on the subject of classes; the student does not independently acquire knowledge in the field of evolution theory in a targeted manner

For grade 3 (sufficient): a student at the basic level studies literature in Polish and English on topics related to the evolution of organisms; primary level student uses various sources of information, including digital sources, to acquire knowledge of the theory of evolution; student at the basic level uses scientific language during discussions on topics discussed in class; student at the basic level prepares oral presentations on the subject of classes; basic level student independently acquires knowledge in the field of evolution theory in a targeted manner

For grade 4 (good): a good level student is studying literature in Polish and English on topics related to the evolution of organisms; a good level student uses a variety of sources of information, including digital sources, to acquire knowledge of the theory of evolution; a good level student uses scientific language during discussions on topics discussed in class; a good level student prepares oral presentations on the topic of classes; at a good level, the student acquires knowledge of evolutionary theory in a targeted manner

For grade 5 (very good): a student at a very good level is studying literature in Polish and English on topics related to the evolution of organisms; the student at a very good level uses a variety of information sources, including digital sources, to acquire knowledge of the theory of evolution; a student at a very good level uses scientific language during discussions on topics raised in class; a student at a very good level prepares oral presentations on the topic of classes; a student at a very good level independently acquires knowledge of the theory of evolution in a targeted manner

Social competence:

For grade 2 (insufficient): a student does not work in a team, does not manage the work of the team and cannot take various roles in the team; student does not see dilemmas related to the profession and does not seek to solve them

For grade 3 (sufficient): a student at the basic level works in a team, manages the team's work and is also able to take some roles in the team; student at the basic level sees dilemmas related to the profession and sometimes strives to solve them

For grade 4 (good): a good level student works in a team, manages the team's work and is able to assume most of the team's roles; a good level student sees dilemmas related to the profession and sometimes strives to solve them

For grade 5 (very good): a student at a very good level works in a team, manages the team's work and is also able to assume all roles in the team; student at a very good level sees dilemmas associated with the profession and strives to solve them

Classes in period "Summer semester 2019/20" (past)

Time span: 2020-02-01 - 2020-09-20
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class:
Lectures, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Anna Siniarska-Wolańska
Group instructors: Anna Siniarska-Wolańska
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: examination
(in Polish) E-Learning:

(in Polish) E-Learning z podziałem na grupy

Type of subject:

obligatory

(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych:

(in Polish) nie dotyczy

Short description:

Familiarize students with the basic theories of the evolution which are currently recognized in the world. The creation of the diversity of the natural world and the future direction of change. How to reconcile science with faith and move it on education. In addition, students participate in field trips, where they have the opportunity to collect and classify Jurassic and Cretaceous fossils.

Full description:

1. What is evolution? Darwin's theory of evolution. Evolutionary theories before and after Darwin.

2. Origen of the Earth; creation of life on Earth: prokaryotic and eukaryotic groups. Life in Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras

3. Reconstruction of phylogeny; common background of organisms; methods applied in phylogenic analyses; molecular clocks, construction of phylogenic trees

4. Evolution of inherited traits: how a new trait is created?; homoplasy; rate of evolution; evolutionary phenomena which derive from biological development; evolution and fossil records; geology and evolution

5. Evolution in geography: biogeography as evidences of evolution, historical and ecological factors, fitogeography, geographic events and species abundance. Evaluation of species’ diversity and its rate of changes. Appearance and extinction of different taxons; causes of extinction rate inhibition.

6. Genetic level of evolution: genes and genomes; mutations, its rate and limitations; recombination and variation; karyotype and its changes

7. Phenotypic and genetic variation: The Hardy–Weinberg principle – allele and genotype frequency. Natural populations: polymorphism, inbreeding depression, variation at the molecular level. Geographic variation between populations, gene flow. Man and its geographic distribution

8. Coincidence in evolution – genetic drift theory; gene flow and genetic drift. Adaptation and its nature; natural selection: definition, its function and strength. Molecular level of natural selection.

9. Evolution of phenotypic traits; polygenic traits, number of genes determining polygenic traits, evolution of polygenic traits. Variation of polygenic traits: reaction norms, phenotypic plasticity, canalization, susceptibility to changes

10. Conflict and cooperation: levels of organization, assortative mating, sexual selection, social interactions and evolution of cooperation. Parental care, infanticide, abortions, conflicts between parents and offspring

11. Species – its phylogenic and biological concepts; barriers for gene flow. Principles of barriers to reproduction (reproduction limits), hybridization, allopatric speciation – evidences, polyploids polyploids, recombination in speciation, speciation and its consequences

12. Individual and group selection, ways of reproductions, sex ratio, random assortative mating, inbreeding depression. Interactions between species, mutualism.

13. Gene and protein evolution, new gene creation, phylogenic diversity of gene family. Current evolutionary developmental biology, evolution of gene regulation and its molecular basis

14. Macroevolution: evolution of higher taxonomic groups: rate of evolution, gradualism and saltationism, phylogenic conservatism and changes, evolutionary trends

15. Philosophy and evolution, ethics, religion and evolution; Proofs of evolution, mechanisms of evolution and their defense. Why evolution should be taught?

Tutorials:

1. Didactic film about the origin of life on Earth, discussion

2-3. Creating phylogenetic trees, using the MEGA program

4. Overview of fragments of evolutionary books

5. Megafauna dying out, group work, discussion

6-12. Field trip. In the absence of funding for field trips, students take classes 6 and 7 in the room, recognizing available fossils, while classes 8-12 are conducted at the Museum of the Evolution of the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Museum of Geology and the ZOO.

13. Classification of fossils

14. Colloquium

15. Didactic film "Was Darwin right?" Summary of classes

Bibliography:

Basic literature:

1. Ayala F.J., 2009. Dar Karola Darwina dla nauki i religii. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa;

2. Darwin Ch., 2011. In the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Sterling Publishing Co Inc., London; 3. Dawkins R., 2009. The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution. Free Press, New York; 4. Knoll AH., 2014. Life on a Young Planet: The First Three Billion Years of Evolution on Earth. Princeton University Press, New York; 5. Futuyama W. J., 2008. Ewolucja. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa; 6. Southwood R., 2003. Historia Życia. Od początków do dzisiaj i dalej. Świat Książki, Warszawa; 7. Szmalhauzen I.I., 1975. Czynniki ewolucji. Teoria doboru stabilizującego. PWN, Warszawa

Supplementary reading:

1. Dzik J., Dzieje życia na ziemi. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa; 2. Gibson G.,A, 2010. Wszystko przez geny. Wydawnictwo Sonia Draga, Katowice; 3. Little P, 2005. Zapisane w Genach. Świat Książki; 4. Weiner J., 2008. Życie i ewolucja biosfery. Podręcznik ekologii ogólnej. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa. 5. Hall B., 2008, Łatwe drzewa filogenetyczne, WUW, Warszawa.

Wymagania wstępne:

Basic/ high school knowledge in Biology

Classes in period "Summer semester 2020/21" (past)

Time span: 2021-02-01 - 2021-06-30
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class:
Lectures, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Anna Siniarska-Wolańska
Group instructors: Anna Siniarska-Wolańska
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: examination
(in Polish) E-Learning:

(in Polish) E-Learning

Type of subject:

obligatory

(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych:

(in Polish) nie dotyczy

Classes in period "Summer semester 2021/22" (past)

Time span: 2022-02-01 - 2022-06-30
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class:
Lectures, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Joanna Nieczuja-Dwojacka, Anna Siniarska-Wolańska
Group instructors: Andrzej Długoński, Justyna Marchewka-Długońska, Joanna Nieczuja-Dwojacka
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: examination
Type of subject:

obligatory

(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych:

(in Polish) nie dotyczy

Classes in period "Summer semester 2022/23" (future)

Time span: 2023-02-01 - 2023-06-30
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class:
Lectures, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Joanna Nieczuja-Dwojacka
Group instructors: Joanna Nieczuja-Dwojacka
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: examination
Type of subject:

obligatory

(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych:

(in Polish) nie dotyczy

Course descriptions are protected by copyright.
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01-815 Warszawa
tel: +48 22 561 88 00 https://uksw.edu.pl
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