From modern transcendental of knowledge to the postmodern transcendental of language
Informacje ogólne
Kod przedmiotu:  WFFIBASTIER  Kod Erasmus / ISCED:  08.1 / (brak danych) 
Nazwa przedmiotu:  From modern transcendental of knowledge to the postmodern transcendental of language  
Jednostka:  Instytut Filozofii  
Grupy:  
Punkty ECTS i inne: 
6.00 (zmienne w czasie)
zobacz reguły punktacji 

Język prowadzenia:  angielski  
Poziom przedmiotu:  zaawansowany 

Symbol/Symbole efektów kształcenia:  FI2_W09 FI2_W10 FI2_U03 FI2_U06 FI2_U13 FI2_U19 FI2_K01 

Skrócony opis: 
The course is given partly in distance learning modality (8 units), and partly in onsite modality (7 units). It aims at offering to graduate students both of philosophical and scientific – mainly of physics, mathematics, and computer science – departments, an interpretation of our age that is theoretically grounded, and then it is able, to reckon with the deep changes we are living now, and we will live in the very next future, in any realm of our public and private lives. These changes mainly relate to the evergrowing role of automation, and even of autonomous systems in every realm of our society, substituting humans in many “semantic tasks”. In other terms, if we must connote our age as the “communication age”, we must reckon with the fact that the main actors of the communication realm are today  and ever more tomorrow , not only the conscious communication agents (humans), but also the unconscious ones (automata). 

Pełny opis: 
The course is given partly in distance learning modality (8 units), and partly in onsite modality (7 units). It aims at offering to graduate students both of philosophical and scientific – mainly of physics, mathematics, and computer science – departments, an interpretation of our age that is theoretically grounded, and then it is able, to reckon with the deep changes we are living now, and we will live in the very next future, in any realm of our public and private lives. These changes mainly relate to the evergrowing role of automation, and even of autonomous systems in every realm of our society, substituting humans in many “semantic tasks”. In other terms, if we must connote our age as the “communication age”, we must reckon with the fact that the main actors of the communication realm are today  and ever more tomorrow , not only the conscious communication agents (humans), but also the unconscious ones (automata). This fact depends mainly on the semiotic and not epistemic foundation of signification in logic, and then it refers to the algebra and calculus of relations having in Peirce’s and Tarski’s works their precursors, which has today its more complete expression in the Category Theory – main object of the related course “A Dual Ontology of Nature, Life and Person”. Therefore, our course concerns mainly the contemporary completion of the socalled “linguistic turn”, from a conceptualist to a semiotic ontology of logic, i.e., independently from any reference to a knowing subject. We give then an explicatio terminorum of the notion of “transcendental” (= prelogical or ontological foundation of the logical truth), and how this notion is useful for distinguishing different ages in the history of Western thought. Afterward, we show show that, because of the conventionalist character of natural languages, the notion of the “transcendental of language” (O. Apel), affirming the primacy of language over knowledge, justifies often a relativist interpretation of our communication, postmodern age. This cannot cope with the universality of the laws (not the rules) both of mathematical, and of philosophical logics. Two main schools of thought fought in XX cent. against such an outcome: the phenomenological and the semiotic ones. Despite we show that both share a close, even though independent origin in Husserl’s and Peirce’s criticism to the (dyadic) “(Boolean)algebra of logic” of Schröder at the end of XIX cent., only the semiotic one, because of the (triadic) algebraic roots of semeiosis in Peirce, can cope with the most advanced developments in mathematical and philosophical logic related with Category Theory. This theory – main object of the other course on the “Dual Ontology of Nature, Life and Person”  and its applications, not only in quantum physics, and theoretical computer science, but, also, in formal philosophy – formal ontology, formal epistemology, formal ethics, …  applies even to the same “inner discourse” of the phenomenological reflection. This leads us, on the one hand, to propose an updated taxonomy of the different ontologies for our postmodern age. On the other hand, this leads us to propose a new role for the phenomenological epoché in our postmodern age, different from that supposed originally by Husserl. 

Literatura: 
• Course Textbook: Basti G. (2017). An ontology for our information age. A paradigm shift in science and philosophy, Aracne Edition, Rome. (available in ebook format since Fall 2017). • Other texts (many of them will be downloadable in the online course viewer): Abramsky, S., & Tzevelekos, N. (2011). Introduction to categories and categorical logic. In B. Coecke (Ed.), New structures for physics. Lecture Notes in Physics, vol. 813 (pp. 394). BerlinNew York: Springer. Anellis, I. H. (1995). Peirce rustled, Russell pierced: how Charles Peirce and Bertrand Russell viewed each other's work in logic, and an assessment of Ruseell's acuuracy and role in the historiography of logic. Modern Logic, 5, 270328. Apel, K. O. (1984). Understanding and Explanation: A TranscendentalPragmatic Perspective. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Basti, G. (2012). Philosophy of Nature and of Science. Vol. I: The Foundations. Translated by Ph. Larrey. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.irafs.org/courses/materials/basti_fil_nat.pdf Basti, G. (2017a). The PostModern Transcendental of Language in Science and Philosophy, in Epistemology and the Transformation of Knowlege, E. Lipovic (Ed.), Rijeka (CR): InTech Publisher (In Press). Basti, G. (2017b). From formal logic to formal ontology. The new dual paradigm in natural sciences, Analecta Husserliana. Vol. CXXI: "New Perspectives of Metaphysics from Phenomenology of Life in Our PostModern Times" (In Press). Brady, G. (2000). From Peirce to Skolem: A Neglected Chapter in the History of Logic. Amsterdam, Netherlands: NorthHolland/Elsevier Science BV. Burch, R. (2014, December). Charles Sanders Peirce. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2014 Edition). Retrieved May 30, 2016, from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2014/entries/peirce. Deely, J. (1985). Tractatus de Signis. The Semiotic of John Poinsot. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Deely, J. (2001). Four Ages of Understanding. The First Postmodern Survey of Philsophy from Ancient Times to the Turn of the TwentyFirst Century. Toronto, ON: Toronto UP. Deutsch, D. (1985). Quantum theory, the ChurchTuring principle and the universal quantum computer. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A, 400, 97–117. Dreyfus, H. (1982). Husserl’s perceptual noema, in Husserl, intentionality and cognitive science , Cambridge Mass.: MIT Press, pp. 97124. Goranko, V., & Otto, M. (2007). Model theory of modal logic. In P. Blackburn, F. J. van Benthem, & F. Wolter (Eds.), Handbook of Modal Logic, Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 252331. Habermas, J. (1981). Modernity versus Postmodernity. (S. BenHabib, Ed.) New German Critique (Special Issue on Modernism), 22, 314 Husserl, E. (1891a). Besprechung: Schröder, Ernst, 'Vorlesungen über die Algebra der Logik. (Exakte Logik). I Band. Leipzig, B. G.Teubner. 1890'. In Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen (pp. 24378). Göttingen Husserl, E. (1891b). Der Folgerungskalkuül und die Inhaltslogik, Vierteljahrschrift für wissenschafliche Philosophie, 15 (1891), 16889. Husserl, E. (1901). Logical Investigations. Vol. 2, Dermot Moran (Ed.), transl. by John N. Findlay , London & New York: Routledge , 1970. Husserl, E. (1929). Formal and Transcendental Logic, transl. by Dorion Cairns, The Hague (NL): Martinus Nijhoff, 1969. Husserl, E. (193437). The Crisis of European Sciences and Trascendental Phenomenology. An Introduction to Phenomenological Philosophy, transl. by David Carr , Evanston (IL): Northwerstern UP , 1970. Krauss, L. M. (2012). A universe from nothing. Why there is something rather than nothing. Afterward by Richard Dawkins. New York: Free Press Peirce, C. S. (1868). Nominalism versus Realism. Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 2, 5761. Retrieved February 29, 2016, from http://www.iupui.edu/~peirce/writings/v2/w2/w2_14/v2_14.htm Peirce, C. S. (1868). On a New List of Categories. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 7, 287298. Tratto il giorno April 27, 2016 da http://www.iupui.edu/~arisbe/menu/library/bycsp/newlist/nlmain.htm Peirce, C. S. (1897). The logic of relatives. The Monist, 7(2), 161217. Tratto il giorno February 29, 2016 da http://www.jstor.org/stable/27897407 Rovelli, C. (1996). Relational quantum mechanics. Int. J. Theor. Phys., 35, 1637–1678. Schröder, E. (1890). Vorlesungen über die Algebra der Logik. (Exakte Logik). I Band. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner. Tarski, A. (1941). On the calculus of relations. Journal of Symbolic Logic, 6, 7389. Tarski, A. (1948). Abstract: Representation Problems for Relation Algebras. Bulletin of the AMS, 54, 80. Tarski, A., & Givant, S. (1987). A Formalization of Set Theory without Variables. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. Van Benthem, J. (1984). Correspondence theory. In D. Gabbay, & F. Guenthner (Eds.), Handbook of philosophical logic. Vol. II (pp. 167247). Dordrecht, NL: Reidel. Van Benthem, J. (2010). Modal Logic for Open Minds. Stanford, CA: CLSI Publications. Vattimo, G. (1985). La fine della modernità. Milano: Garzanti. Venema, Y. (2007). Algebras and coalgebras. In P. Blackburn, F. J. van Benthem, & F. Wolter (A cura di), Handbook of modal logic (p. 331426). Amsterdam, North Holland: Elsevier. Von Neumann, J. (1955). Mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. 

Metody i kryteria oceniania: 
Preparation of a written work of at least 20 pages on some sources of the course bibliography, and previously agreed with the professor. 
Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr zimowy 2017/18" (zakończony)
Okres:  20171001  20180131 
zobacz plan zajęć 
Typ zajęć: 
Wykład monograficzny, 30 godzin, 20 miejsc więcej informacji 

Koordynatorzy:  Gianfranco Basti, Agnieszka Szymańska, Adam Świeżyński, Andrzej Waleszczyński  
Prowadzący grup:  Gianfranco Basti, Agnieszka Szymańska, Adam Świeżyński, Andrzej Waleszczyński  
Lista studentów:  (nie masz dostępu)  
Zaliczenie:  Egzaminacyjny  
ELearning:  ELearning (pełny kurs) z podziałem na grupy 

Typ przedmiotu:  fakultatywny ograniczonego wyboru 

Skrócony opis: 
The course is given partly in distance learning modality (8 units), and partly in onsite modality (7 units). It aims at offering to graduate students both of philosophical and scientific – mainly of physics, mathematics, and computer science – departments, an interpretation of our age that is theoretically grounded, and then it is able, to reckon with the deep changes we are living now, and we will live in the very next future, in any realm of our public and private lives. These changes mainly relate to the evergrowing role of automation, and even of autonomous systems in every realm of our society, substituting humans in many “semantic tasks”. In other terms, if we must connote our age as the “communication age”, we must reckon with the fact that the main actors of the communication realm are today  and ever more tomorrow , not only the conscious communication agents (humans), but also the unconscious ones (automata). This fact depends mainly on the semiotic and not epistemic foundation of signification in logic, and then it refers to the algebra and calculus of relations having in Peirce’s and Tarski’s works their precursors, which has today its more complete expression in the Category Theory – main object of the related course “A Dual Ontology of Nature, Life and Person”.  
Pełny opis: 
The course is given partly in distance learning modality (8 units), and partly in onsite modality (7 units). It aims at offering to graduate students both of philosophical and scientific – mainly of physics, mathematics, and computer science – departments, an interpretation of our age that is theoretically grounded, and then it is able, to reckon with the deep changes we are living now, and we will live in the very next future, in any realm of our public and private lives. These changes mainly relate to the evergrowing role of automation, and even of autonomous systems in every realm of our society, substituting humans in many “semantic tasks”. In other terms, if we must connote our age as the “communication age”, we must reckon with the fact that the main actors of the communication realm are today  and ever more tomorrow , not only the conscious communication agents (humans), but also the unconscious ones (automata). This fact depends mainly on the semiotic and not epistemic foundation of signification in logic, and then it refers to the algebra and calculus of relations having in Peirce’s and Tarski’s works their precursors, which has today its more complete expression in the Category Theory – main object of the related course “A Dual Ontology of Nature, Life and Person”. Therefore, our course concerns mainly the contemporary completion of the socalled “linguistic turn”, from a conceptualist to a semiotic ontology of logic, i.e., independently from any reference to a knowing subject. We give then an explicatio terminorum of the notion of “transcendental” (= prelogical or ontological foundation of the logical truth), and how this notion is useful for distinguishing different ages in the history of Western thought. Afterward, we show show that, because of the conventionalist character of natural languages, the notion of the “transcendental of language” (O. Apel), affirming the primacy of language over knowledge, justifies often a relativist interpretation of our communication, postmodern age. This cannot cope with the universality of the laws (not the rules) both of mathematical, and of philosophical logics. Two main schools of thought fought in XX cent. against such an outcome: the phenomenological and the semiotic ones. Despite we show that both share a close, even though independent origin in Husserl’s and Peirce’s criticism to the (dyadic) “(Boolean)algebra of logic” of Schröder at the end of XIX cent., only the semiotic one, because of the (triadic) algebraic roots of semeiosis in Peirce, can cope with the most advanced developments in mathematical and philosophical logic related with Category Theory. This theory – main object of the other course on the “Dual Ontology of Nature, Life and Person”  and its applications, not only in quantum physics, and theoretical computer science, but, also, in formal philosophy – formal ontology, formal epistemology, formal ethics, …  applies even to the same “inner discourse” of the phenomenological reflection. This leads us, on the one hand, to propose an updated taxonomy of the different ontologies for our postmodern age. On the other hand, this leads us to propose a new role for the phenomenological epoché in our postmodern age, different from that supposed originally by Husserl.  
Literatura: 
• Course Textbook: Basti G. (2017). An ontology for our information age. A paradigm shift in science and philosophy, Aracne Edition, Rome. (available in ebook format since Fall 2017). • Other texts (many of them will be downloadable in the online course viewer): Abramsky, S., & Tzevelekos, N. (2011). Introduction to categories and categorical logic. In B. Coecke (Ed.), New structures for physics. Lecture Notes in Physics, vol. 813 (pp. 394). BerlinNew York: Springer. Anellis, I. H. (1995). Peirce rustled, Russell pierced: how Charles Peirce and Bertrand Russell viewed each other's work in logic, and an assessment of Ruseell's acuuracy and role in the historiography of logic. Modern Logic, 5, 270328. Apel, K. O. (1984). Understanding and Explanation: A TranscendentalPragmatic Perspective. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Basti, G. (2012). Philosophy of Nature and of Science. Vol. I: The Foundations. Translated by Ph. Larrey. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.irafs.org/courses/materials/basti_fil_nat.pdf Basti, G. (2017a). The PostModern Transcendental of Language in Science and Philosophy, in Epistemology and the Transformation of Knowlege, E. Lipovic (Ed.), Rijeka (CR): InTech Publisher (In Press). Basti, G. (2017b). From formal logic to formal ontology. The new dual paradigm in natural sciences, Analecta Husserliana. Vol. CXXI: "New Perspectives of Metaphysics from Phenomenology of Life in Our PostModern Times" (In Press). Brady, G. (2000). From Peirce to Skolem: A Neglected Chapter in the History of Logic. Amsterdam, Netherlands: NorthHolland/Elsevier Science BV. Burch, R. (2014, December). Charles Sanders Peirce. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2014 Edition). Retrieved May 30, 2016, from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2014/entries/peirce. Deely, J. (1985). Tractatus de Signis. The Semiotic of John Poinsot. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Deely, J. (2001). Four Ages of Understanding. The First Postmodern Survey of Philsophy from Ancient Times to the Turn of the TwentyFirst Century. Toronto, ON: Toronto UP. Deutsch, D. (1985). Quantum theory, the ChurchTuring principle and the universal quantum computer. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A, 400, 97–117. Dreyfus, H. (1982). Husserl’s perceptual noema, in Husserl, intentionality and cognitive science , Cambridge Mass.: MIT Press, pp. 97124. Goranko, V., & Otto, M. (2007). Model theory of modal logic. In P. Blackburn, F. J. van Benthem, & F. Wolter (Eds.), Handbook of Modal Logic, Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 252331. Habermas, J. (1981). Modernity versus Postmodernity. (S. BenHabib, Ed.) New German Critique (Special Issue on Modernism), 22, 314 Husserl, E. (1891a). Besprechung: Schröder, Ernst, 'Vorlesungen über die Algebra der Logik. (Exakte Logik). I Band. Leipzig, B. G.Teubner. 1890'. In Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen (pp. 24378). Göttingen Husserl, E. (1891b). Der Folgerungskalkuül und die Inhaltslogik, Vierteljahrschrift für wissenschafliche Philosophie, 15 (1891), 16889. Husserl, E. (1901). Logical Investigations. Vol. 2, Dermot Moran (Ed.), transl. by John N. Findlay , London & New York: Routledge , 1970. Husserl, E. (1929). Formal and Transcendental Logic, transl. by Dorion Cairns, The Hague (NL): Martinus Nijhoff, 1969. Husserl, E. (193437). The Crisis of European Sciences and Trascendental Phenomenology. An Introduction to Phenomenological Philosophy, transl. by David Carr , Evanston (IL): Northwerstern UP , 1970. Krauss, L. M. (2012). A universe from nothing. Why there is something rather than nothing. Afterward by Richard Dawkins. New York: Free Press Peirce, C. S. (1868). Nominalism versus Realism. Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 2, 5761. Retrieved February 29, 2016, from http://www.iupui.edu/~peirce/writings/v2/w2/w2_14/v2_14.htm Peirce, C. S. (1868). On a New List of Categories. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 7, 287298. Tratto il giorno April 27, 2016 da http://www.iupui.edu/~arisbe/menu/library/bycsp/newlist/nlmain.htm Peirce, C. S. (1897). The logic of relatives. The Monist, 7(2), 161217. Tratto il giorno February 29, 2016 da http://www.jstor.org/stable/27897407 Rovelli, C. (1996). Relational quantum mechanics. Int. J. Theor. Phys., 35, 1637–1678. Schröder, E. (1890). Vorlesungen über die Algebra der Logik. (Exakte Logik). I Band. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner. Tarski, A. (1941). On the calculus of relations. Journal of Symbolic Logic, 6, 7389. Tarski, A. (1948). Abstract: Representation Problems for Relation Algebras. Bulletin of the AMS, 54, 80. Tarski, A., & Givant, S. (1987). A Formalization of Set Theory without Variables. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. Van Benthem, J. (1984). Correspondence theory. In D. Gabbay, & F. Guenthner (Eds.), Handbook of philosophical logic. Vol. II (pp. 167247). Dordrecht, NL: Reidel. Van Benthem, J. (2010). Modal Logic for Open Minds. Stanford, CA: CLSI Publications. Vattimo, G. (1985). La fine della modernità. Milano: Garzanti. Venema, Y. (2007). Algebras and coalgebras. In P. Blackburn, F. J. van Benthem, & F. Wolter (A cura di), Handbook of modal logic (p. 331426). Amsterdam, North Holland: Elsevier. Von Neumann, J. (1955). Mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. 
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie.