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Soil biodiversity, functions and ecosystem services

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: WF-OB-ILIEVSOIL-ER Kod Erasmus / ISCED: 07.2 / (brak danych)
Nazwa przedmiotu: Soil biodiversity, functions and ecosystem services
Jednostka: Instytut Ekologii i Bioetyki
Grupy: Grupa przedmiotów - oferta Erasmus
Przedmioty ERASMUS
Zajęcia w językach obcych w Instytucie Ekologii i Bioetyki
Punkty ECTS i inne: 6.00
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Poziom przedmiotu:

zaawansowany

Symbol/Symbole efektów kształcenia:

OB2_W09

OB2_W12

OB2_U01

OB2_U09

Skrócony opis:

The aim of the course is to turn the students attention to the soil as a complex habitat of high biological diversity, which supports the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. The course provides information about the major groups of organisms that live in the soil and their role in the natural and managed ecosystems. A strong emphasis is put on the factors influencing soil biodiversity and the services provided by soil biodiversity. The course offers also some training in sampling and assessing the density and diversity of some soil animal groups and using them as soil biological quality indices.

Pełny opis:

Lectures

1. Diversity of soil organisms in different ecosystems (natural and managed ecosystems). Patterns of soil biodiversity. Factors influencing soil biodiversity.

2. The role of soil organisms in the processes of soil formation and organic matter transformation.

3. The importance of soil biodiversity. Ecosystem services provided by soil biota. The economic value of soil biodiversity.

4. Use of soil invertebrates in soil biodiversity assessment and as soil biological quality indices (monitoring of pollutant effects; evaluation of environmental impact of agricultural management practices; using soil invertebrates as bioindicators of urban soil quality). Parameters of soil animal communities used for soil quality evaluation.

5. Current threats to soil biodiversity. Management strategies for soil biodiversity restoration, conservation and sustainable production.

Classes

1. Standard sampling methods (frequency of sampling, number and storage of samples) used in soil ecology. Quantitative and qualitative methods for assessing the abundance of soil animals (including nematodes, springtails, mites, earthworms, snails, etc.). Biotests using soil invertebrates.

2. Methods for extraction of animals from soil, preservation of samples, microscopic preparations. Microscopy techniques, creating photographic documentation.

3. Analysis of the abundance (density) of different groups of soil fauna in selected habitats.

4. Diversity analysis of soil fauna in collected samples - species richness, ecological groups and sentinel species.

5. Summary and interpretation of obtained results - presentations. Discussion on the practical use of soil animals as bioindicators - possibilities and limitations.

Literatura:

Bardgett R. 2005. The Biology of Soil. Oxford University Press.

Bardgett R.D. 2015. Earth Matters: How soil underlies civilization. Oxford University Press.

Bardgett R.D., Usher B., Hopkins D.W. 2005. Biological diversity and functions in soils. Cambridge University Press.

Bardgett R.D., Wardle D.A. 2010. Aboveground-belowground linkages. Biotic interactions, ecosystem processes, and global change. Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution.

Coleman D.C., Crossley D.A., Hendrix Jr. P.F. 2004. Fundamentals of Soil Ecology. Elsevier Academic press.

Edwards C.A., Bohlen P.J. 1996. Biology and Ecology of earthworms. Chapman and Hall, London.

Lavelle P., Spain A.V. 2005. Soil Ecology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Paoletti M.G. 1999. Invertebrate biodiversity as bioindicators of sustainable landscapes: practical use of invertebrates to assess sustainable land use. Elsevier Academic press.

Wall D.H., Bardgett R.D., Behan-Pelletier V., Herrick J.E., Jones H., Ritz K., Six J., Strong D.R., van der Putten W.H. Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services 2013. Oxford University Press.

Metody i kryteria oceniania:

1) obligatory attendance (1 unjustified absence is allowed) (10%)

2) active participation (10%)

3) final laboratory classes report in the form of a presentation (40%)

4) final test (40%)

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2017/18" (jeszcze nie rozpoczęty)

Okres: 2018-02-01 - 2018-06-30
Wybrany podział planu:


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Typ zajęć: Ćwiczenia, 15 godzin, 20 miejsc więcej informacji
Wykład, 15 godzin, 20 miejsc więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Krassimira Ilieva-Makulec, Agnieszka Szymańska, Adam Świeżyński
Prowadzący grup: Krassimira Ilieva-Makulec
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Zaliczenie na ocenę
E-Learning:

E-Learning z podziałem na grupy

Typ przedmiotu:

fakultatywny dowolnego wyboru

Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie.