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Isotopic methods in modern ecology: Principles and main achievements
katalog przedmiotów - pomoc

Isotopic methods in modern ecology: Principles and main achievements

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: WF-OB-TIUNOVISO-ER Kod Erasmus / ISCED: 07.2 / (brak danych)
Nazwa przedmiotu: Isotopic methods in modern ecology: Principles and main achievements
Jednostka: Instytut Ekologii i Bioetyki
Grupy: Grupa przedmiotów - oferta Erasmus
Punkty ECTS i inne: 4.00
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Poziom przedmiotu: zaawansowany
Symbol/Symbole efektów kształcenia: OB2_W09
OB2_W12
OB2_U01
OB2_U09
Skrócony opis:

The aim of the course is to introduce principles and methods of using stable isotope analysis (SIA), and to underline the role of new methodologies in the modern biology. The development and application of SIA-related techniques in late nineties lead to a number of significant breakthroughs in ecological research. The course encompasses basic technical principles of measuring stable isotope composition of biogenic light elements (H, C, N, O, S), patterns of isotope fractionation during biological and ecological processes, and using SIA for resolving research questions at the ecosystem and global scale. Stable isotopes at natural abundance are used to trace energy and nutrients flows within and between ecosystems, quantify ecosystem properties, and measuring rates of ecological processes. Isotope labeling techniques are indispensable in ecological experiments, especially those related to C cycling.

Pełny opis:

The aim of the course is to introduce principles and methods of using stable isotope analysis (SIA), and to underline the role of new methodologies in the modern biology. The development and application of SIA-related techniques in late nineties lead to a number of significant breakthroughs in ecological research. The course encompasses basic technical principles of measuring stable isotope composition of biogenic light elements (H, C, N, O, S), patterns of isotope fractionation during biological and ecological processes, and using SIA for resolving research questions at the ecosystem and global scale. Stable isotopes at natural abundance are used to trace energy and nutrients flows within and between ecosystems, quantify ecosystem properties, and measuring rates of ecological processes. Isotope labeling techniques are indispensable in ecological experiments, especially those related to C cycling.

Content:

1. Stable isotopes at natural abundance: how to retrieve ecological information.

2. Main patterns of stable isotope fractionation in ecological processes.

3. Stable isotopes in terrestrial and aquatic animal ecology.

4. Stable isotopes and food web studies.

5. 13С/12C fractionation: photosynthesis, respiration, decomposition, canopy effects.

6. 15N/14N fractionation: food chains, N2 fixation, nitrification, mycorrhizal symbiosis.

7. Other isotopic tools: δD, δ18O, δ34S.

8. Stable isotopes in plant ecology and soil science.

9. Stable isotopes in paleoecology and paleontology.

10. Ecosystem-scale isotopic patterns.

11. Isoscape: global-scale isotope patterns.

12. Jackson’s ellipses, Layman’s metrics and other statistical tools.

13. Technical advances and achievements.

14. Brave new world: compound-specific SIA.

15. Isotopic labeling: small-scale and large-scale field experiments.

Literatura:

Fry B. (2006) Stable isotope ecology. Springer.

Newsome S.D., Martinez del Rio C., Bearhop S., Phillips D.L. (2007) A niche for isotopic ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5: 429-436.

Peterson B.J., Fry B. (1987) Stable isotopes in ecosystem studies. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 18: 293-320.

Dawson T.E., Mambelli S., Plamboeck A.H., Templer P.H., Tu K.P. (2002) Stable isotopes in plant ecology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 33: 507-559.

Boecklen W.J., Yarnes C.T., Cook B.A., James A.C. (2011) On the use of stable isotopes in trophic ecology. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 42: 411-440.

Hogberg P. (1997) 15N natural abundance in soil-plant systems. New Phytologist, 137: 179-203.

Robinson D. (2001) δ15N as an integrator of the nitrogen cycle. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 16: 153-162.

Post D.M. (2002) Using stable isotopes to estimate trophic position: Models, methods, and assumptions. Ecology, 83: 703-718.

Ben-David M., Flaherty E.A. (2012) Stable isotopes in mammalian research: a beginner's guide. Journal of Mammalogy, 93: 312-328.

Jackson A.L., Inger R., Parnell A.C., Bearhop S. (2011) Comparing isotopic niche widths among and within communities: SIBER - Stable Isotope Bayesian Ellipses in R. Journal of Animal Ecology, 80: 595-602.

Layman C.A., Araujo M.S., Boucek R., Hammerschlag-Peyer C.M., Harrison E., Jud Z.R., Matich P., Rosenblatt A.E., Vaudo J.J., Yeager L.A., Post D.M., Bearhop S. (2012) Applying stable isotopes to examine food-web structure: an overview of analytical tools. Biological Reviews, 87: 545-562.

Martinez del Rio C., Wolf N., Carleton S.A., Gannes L.Z. (2009) Isotopic ecology ten years after a call for more laboratory experiments. Biological Reviews, 84: 91-111.

Chikaraishi Y., Ogawa N.O., Doi H., Ohkouchi N. (2011) N-15/N-14 ratios of amino acids as a tool for studying terrestrial food webs: a case study of terrestrial insects (bees, wasps, and hornets). Ecological Research, 26: 835-844.

Literature will be provided during the course.

Metody i kryteria oceniania:

1. 70% attendance.

2. Activity on the e-learning platform

3. Final test (100-90% very good, 80-70% good, 60-50% satisfactory, less than 50% insufficient).

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2017/18" (jeszcze nie rozpoczęty)

Okres: 2018-02-01 - 2018-06-30
Wybrany podział planu:


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Typ zajęć: Wykład, 30 godzin, 20 miejsc więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Dominika Dzwonkowska, Kamil Karaban, Agnieszka Szymańska, Adam Świeżyński, Aleksy Tiunov
Prowadzący grup: Agnieszka Szymańska, Adam Świeżyński, Aleksy Tiunov
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Egzaminacyjny
E-Learning: E-Learning (pełny kurs) z podziałem na grupy
Typ przedmiotu: fakultatywny dowolnego wyboru
Skrócony opis:

The aim of the course is to introduce principles and methods of using stable isotope analysis (SIA), and to underline the role of new methodologies in the modern biology. The development and application of SIA-related techniques in late nineties lead to a number of significant breakthroughs in ecological research. The course encompasses basic technical principles of measuring stable isotope composition of biogenic light elements (H, C, N, O, S), patterns of isotope fractionation during biological and ecological processes, and using SIA for resolving research questions at the ecosystem and global scale. Stable isotopes at natural abundance are used to trace energy and nutrients flows within and between ecosystems, quantify ecosystem properties, and measuring rates of ecological processes. Isotope labeling techniques are indispensable in ecological experiments, especially those related to C cycling.

Pełny opis:

The aim of the course is to introduce principles and methods of using stable isotope analysis (SIA), and to underline the role of new methodologies in the modern biology. The development and application of SIA-related techniques in late nineties lead to a number of significant breakthroughs in ecological research. The course encompasses basic technical principles of measuring stable isotope composition of biogenic light elements (H, C, N, O, S), patterns of isotope fractionation during biological and ecological processes, and using SIA for resolving research questions at the ecosystem and global scale. Stable isotopes at natural abundance are used to trace energy and nutrients flows within and between ecosystems, quantify ecosystem properties, and measuring rates of ecological processes. Isotope labeling techniques are indispensable in ecological experiments, especially those related to C cycling.

Content:

1. Stable isotopes at natural abundance: how to retrieve ecological information.

2. Main patterns of stable isotope fractionation in ecological processes.

3. Stable isotopes in terrestrial and aquatic animal ecology.

4. Stable isotopes and food web studies.

5. 13С/12C fractionation: photosynthesis, respiration, decomposition, canopy effects.

6. 15N/14N fractionation: food chains, N2 fixation, nitrification, mycorrhizal symbiosis.

7. Other isotopic tools: δD, δ18O, δ34S.

8. Stable isotopes in plant ecology and soil science.

9. Stable isotopes in paleoecology and paleontology.

10. Ecosystem-scale isotopic patterns.

11. Isoscape: global-scale isotope patterns.

12. Jackson’s ellipses, Layman’s metrics and other statistical tools.

13. Technical advances and achievements.

14. Brave new world: compound-specific SIA.

15. Isotopic labeling: small-scale and large-scale field experiments.

Literatura:

Fry B. (2006) Stable isotope ecology. Springer.

Newsome S.D., Martinez del Rio C., Bearhop S., Phillips D.L. (2007) A niche for isotopic ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5: 429-436.

Peterson B.J., Fry B. (1987) Stable isotopes in ecosystem studies. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 18: 293-320.

Dawson T.E., Mambelli S., Plamboeck A.H., Templer P.H., Tu K.P. (2002) Stable isotopes in plant ecology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 33: 507-559.

Boecklen W.J., Yarnes C.T., Cook B.A., James A.C. (2011) On the use of stable isotopes in trophic ecology. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 42: 411-440.

Hogberg P. (1997) 15N natural abundance in soil-plant systems. New Phytologist, 137: 179-203.

Robinson D. (2001) δ15N as an integrator of the nitrogen cycle. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 16: 153-162.

Post D.M. (2002) Using stable isotopes to estimate trophic position: Models, methods, and assumptions. Ecology, 83: 703-718.

Ben-David M., Flaherty E.A. (2012) Stable isotopes in mammalian research: a beginner's guide. Journal of Mammalogy, 93: 312-328.

Jackson A.L., Inger R., Parnell A.C., Bearhop S. (2011) Comparing isotopic niche widths among and within communities: SIBER - Stable Isotope Bayesian Ellipses in R. Journal of Animal Ecology, 80: 595-602.

Layman C.A., Araujo M.S., Boucek R., Hammerschlag-Peyer C.M., Harrison E., Jud Z.R., Matich P., Rosenblatt A.E., Vaudo J.J., Yeager L.A., Post D.M., Bearhop S. (2012) Applying stable isotopes to examine food-web structure: an overview of analytical tools. Biological Reviews, 87: 545-562.

Martinez del Rio C., Wolf N., Carleton S.A., Gannes L.Z. (2009) Isotopic ecology ten years after a call for more laboratory experiments. Biological Reviews, 84: 91-111.

Chikaraishi Y., Ogawa N.O., Doi H., Ohkouchi N. (2011) N-15/N-14 ratios of amino acids as a tool for studying terrestrial food webs: a case study of terrestrial insects (bees, wasps, and hornets). Ecological Research, 26: 835-844.

Literature will be provided during the course.

Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie.