Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw - Central Authentication System
Strona główna

History of Philosophy

General data

Course ID: WH-FP-I-2-HistFilo-L
Erasmus code / ISCED: (unknown) / (unknown)
Course title: History of Philosophy
Name in Polish: Historia filozofii
Organizational unit: Faculty of Humanities
Course groups:
Course homepage: https://teams.microsoft.com/l/team/19%3a_OvkpzMOla2ctdIc9bgnPkNV3aiSrdLbSW8IRYWW4d01%40thread.tacv2/conversations?groupId=fa2249d6-203b-4ae1-8fb0-b1ca81d7a05c&tenantId=12578430-c51b-4816-8163-c7281035b9b3
ECTS credit allocation (and other scores): 3.00 OR 2.00 (differs over time) Basic information on ECTS credits allocation principles:
  • the annual hourly workload of the student’s work required to achieve the expected learning outcomes for a given stage is 1500-1800h, corresponding to 60 ECTS;
  • the student’s weekly hourly workload is 45 h;
  • 1 ECTS point corresponds to 25-30 hours of student work needed to achieve the assumed learning outcomes;
  • weekly student workload necessary to achieve the assumed learning outcomes allows to obtain 1.5 ECTS;
  • work required to pass the course, which has been assigned 3 ECTS, constitutes 10% of the semester student load.

view allocation of credits
Language: Polish
Subject level:

elementary

Learning outcome code/codes:

FP1_W06

FP1_U10

FP1_K04


Short description:

Course objectives: the students acquire basic knowledge of philosophical as well as the ability to identify key issues and themes of philosophy living in this period.

Full description:

1. General introduction to modern philosophy.

1.1. The problem of sources of knowledge. Psychological and epistemological version of the issue. Apriorism and empiricism (extreme and moderate). The dispute of empiricism and apriorism over the nature of mathematical theorems. Conventionalism. Kant's moderate apiororism. A priori cognition according to phenomenologists. Rationalism and irrationalism.

1.2. The problem of the limits of cognition. Two understandings of transcendence. The problem of immanent limits of cognition. Epistemological immanent idealism (Berkeley, Hume). Epistemological immanent realism. Epistemological transcendental idealism. Kant's transcendental idealism. Realism. Positivism. Neopositivism.

1.3 Metaphysical issues. The problem of ideal objects. The dispute over universals. A modern version of the dispute over universals. Subjective idealism. Objective idealism. Hegel's dialectic. Hegel's dialectics and Marx's dialectics. Metaphysical realism. Naive and critical realism.

2. Selected representatives of modern philosophy.

2.1 Descartes. Descartes method. The truth criterion. Getting to know God and the world. Epistemology. Philosophy of nature. Anthropology. The issue of freedom. Descartes' successors. Melabranche. Melabrache's occasionalism and ontologism. Spinoza. Spinoza's rationalism and pantheism. The identity of the spiritual and corporeal being. Spinoza's Anthropology and Ethics.

2.2 Francis Bacon. Bacon's new method.

2.3 Galileo. The Scientific Method of Galileo.

2.4 Tomasz Hobbes. Materialism and sensualism. Determinism. Naturalistic theory of society.

2.5 Edward Herbert of Cherbury and the concept of natural religion.

2.6 John Locke and empiricism. The science of the formation of concepts. Locke's theory of ideas. Locke's Political Philosophy.

2.7 Anthony Ashley Cooper and the concept of natural morality.

2.8 Kant. Kant's Criticism. Criticism of pure reason. Criticism of practical reason. Philosophy of law. Philosophy of Religion. Frederick Henryk Jacobi as a critic of Kant.

2.9 German idealism. Fichte. Pure subjective idealism of Fichte. Hegel. The subject and general principles of Hegel's philosophy. Hegel's dialectic. Logic. Philosophy of nature. Philosophy of spirit. Hegelian philosophy of law and state.

2.10 Jan Fryderyk Herbart and the critique of idealism. Herbart's realism.

3. Modern socio-economic philosophy.

3.1 Social philosophy of mercantilism.

3.2 Socio-economic philosophy of physiocrats.

3.3 Adam Smith's socio-economic philosophy. The concept of "homo oeconomicus".

4. Elements of contemporary philosophy.

4.1 The issue of directness and indirectness of cognition. The theory of direct cognition in phenomenology. Cartesian idea of ​​methodological doubt and Husserl's transcendental reduction.

4.2 Criticism of the idea of ​​direct cognition, Cartesian doubt, and phenomenological reduction in contemporary philosophy. Peirce's theory of indirect cognition. Sign theory. Criticism of the idea of ​​epoche (assumptionlessness of cognition). Peirce's pragmatism. Cassirer's philosophy of symbolic forms.

4.3. Hermeneutics. Friedrich Schleiermacher. Johan Gustaw Droysen. Wilhelm Dilthey. Gadamer. Bettie's realistic hermeneutics.

4.4 Konrad Lorenz's cognitive realism.

4.5 Scheler and Hartmann's phenomenological philosophy of values.

5. Existentialism.

5.1 Kierkegard. The principal existential problem of Kierkegard. The Socratic paradox and the Kierkegard solution. Skepticism and faith.

5.2 Nietzsche.

5.3 Contemporary existentialism. Heideger. Sartre.

Bibliography:

Literatura pomocnicza do wykładu:

K. Ajdukiewicz, Zagadnienia i kierunki filozofii, Warszawa 2003

W. Tatarkiewicz, Historia filozofii, wyd. dowolne

R.H. Popkin, Filozofia, Poznań 1994

D. Collinson, Pięćdziesięciu wielkich filozofów, Poznań 1997

Z. Kuderowicz red., Filozofia XX wieku, Warszawa 2002

A. Miś, Filozofia współczesna, Warszawa 2003

Efekty kształcenia i opis ECTS:

FP_U10

Can use basic terms and research tools in the field of philosophy and use this skill to deepen knowledge about literature and language.

FP_K04

He is ready to actively and consciously participate in the current literary and cultural life as well as to activities to popularize knowledge about Polish literature and culture, taking into account philosophical aspects.

ECTS credits:

30 h - lecture - 1 point

30 h - exam preparation and reading - 1 point

Assessment methods and assessment criteria:

Classes in the semester end with an exam. The exam is in writing. Sample questions will be given in advance. Lecture notes can be used during the exam. Each student will receive a card with topics. The assessment is influenced by the substantive level of answers and the number of questions-topics. Details will be provided in the test.

Punkty ECTS:

30 godz. - wykład - 1 punkt

30 godz. - przygotowanie do egzaminu - 1 punkt

Practical placement: (in Polish)

Nie ma praktyk zawodowych.

Classes in period "Summer semester 2019/20" (past)

Time span: 2020-02-01 - 2020-09-20
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class:
Lectures, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Kazimierz Pawłowski, Joanna Zajkowska
Group instructors: Kazimierz Pawłowski
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: Course - examination
Lectures - examination
(in Polish) E-Learning:

(in Polish) E-Learning (pełny kurs)

Type of subject:

obligatory

(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych:

(in Polish) nie dotyczy

Short description:

Course objectives: the students acquire basic knowledge of philosophical as well as the ability to identify key issues and themes of philosophy living in this period.

Full description:

1. General introduction to modern philosophy.

1.1. The problem of sources of knowledge. Psychological and epistemological version of the issue. Apriorism and empiricism (extreme and moderate). The dispute of empiricism and apriorism over the nature of mathematical theorems. Conventionalism. Kant's moderate apiororism. A priori cognition according to phenomenologists. Rationalism and irrationalism.

1.2. The problem of the limits of cognition. Two understandings of transcendence. The problem of immanent limits of cognition. Epistemological immanent idealism (Berkeley, Hume). Epistemological immanent realism. Epistemological transcendental idealism. Kant's transcendental idealism. Realism. Positivism. Neopositivism.

1.3 Metaphysical issues. The problem of ideal objects. The dispute over universals. A modern version of the dispute over universals. Subjective idealism. Objective idealism. Hegel's dialectic. Hegel's dialectics and Marx's dialectics. Metaphysical realism. Naive and critical realism.

2. Selected representatives of modern philosophy.

2.1 Descartes. Descartes method. The truth criterion. Getting to know God and the world. Epistemology. Philosophy of nature. Anthropology. The issue of freedom. Descartes' successors. Melabranche. Melabrache's occasionalism and ontologism. Spinoza. Spinoza's rationalism and pantheism. The identity of the spiritual and corporeal being. Spinoza's Anthropology and Ethics.

2.2 Francis Bacon. Bacon's new method.

2.3 Galileo. The Scientific Method of Galileo.

2.4 Tomasz Hobbes. Materialism and sensualism. Determinism. Naturalistic theory of society.

2.5 Edward Herbert of Cherbury and the concept of natural religion.

2.6 John Locke and empiricism. The science of the formation of concepts. Locke's theory of ideas. Locke's Political Philosophy.

2.7 Anthony Ashley Cooper and the concept of natural morality.

2.8 Kant. Kant's Criticism. Criticism of pure reason. Criticism of practical reason. Philosophy of law. Philosophy of Religion. Frederick Henryk Jacobi as a critic of Kant.

2.9 German idealism. Fichte. Pure subjective idealism of Fichte. Hegel. The subject and general principles of Hegel's philosophy. Hegel's dialectic. Logic. Philosophy of nature. Philosophy of spirit. Hegelian philosophy of law and state.

2.10 Jan Fryderyk Herbart and the critique of idealism. Herbart's realism.

3. Modern socio-economic philosophy.

3.1 Social philosophy of mercantilism.

3.2 Socio-economic philosophy of physiocrats.

3.3 Adam Smith's socio-economic philosophy. The concept of "homo oeconomicus".

4. Elements of contemporary philosophy.

4.1 The issue of directness and indirectness of cognition. The theory of direct cognition in phenomenology. Cartesian idea of ​​methodological doubt and Husserl's transcendental reduction.

4.2 Criticism of the idea of ​​direct cognition, Cartesian doubt, and phenomenological reduction in contemporary philosophy. Peirce's theory of indirect cognition. Sign theory. Criticism of the idea of ​​epoche (assumptionlessness of cognition). Peirce's pragmatism. Cassirer's philosophy of symbolic forms.

4.3. Hermeneutics. Friedrich Schleiermacher. Johan Gustaw Droysen. Wilhelm Dilthey. Gadamer. Bettie's realistic hermeneutics.

4.4 Konrad Lorenz's cognitive realism.

4.5 Scheler and Hartmann's phenomenological philosophy of values.

5. Existentialism.

5.1 Kierkegard. The principal existential problem of Kierkegard. The Socratic paradox and the Kierkegard solution. Skepticism and faith.

5.2 Nietzsche.

5.3 Contemporary existentialism. Heideger. Sartre.

Bibliography:

Literatura pomocnicza do wykładu:

K. Ajdukiewicz, Zagadnienia i kierunki filozofii, Warszawa 2003

W. Tatarkiewicz, Historia filozofii, wyd. dowolne

R.H. Popkin, Filozofia, Poznań 1994

D. Collinson, Pięćdziesięciu wielkich filozofów, Poznań 1997

Z. Kuderowicz red., Filozofia XX wieku, Warszawa 2002

A. Miś, Filozofia współczesna, Warszawa 2003

Wymagania wstępne:

none

Classes in period "Summer semester 2020/21" (past)

Time span: 2021-02-01 - 2021-06-30
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class:
Lectures, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Kazimierz Pawłowski, Joanna Zajkowska
Group instructors: Kazimierz Pawłowski
Course homepage: https://teams.microsoft.com/l/team/19%3a02e9c32ddbe84dfda89c195f8eb54d26%40thread.tacv2/conversations?groupId=1d83952c-239d-4e2f-867f-52bb1b932272&tenantId=12578430-c51b-4816-8163-c7281035b9b3
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: Course - examination
Lectures - examination
(in Polish) E-Learning:

(in Polish) E-Learning (pełny kurs) z podziałem na grupy

Type of subject:

obligatory

(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych:

(in Polish) nie dotyczy

Short description:

Course objectives: the students acquire basic knowledge of philosophical as well as the ability to identify key issues and themes of philosophy living in this period.

Full description:

1. General introduction to modern philosophy.

1.1. The problem of sources of knowledge. Psychological and epistemological version of the issue. Apriorism and empiricism (extreme and moderate). The dispute of empiricism and apriorism over the nature of mathematical theorems. Conventionalism. Kant's moderate apiororism. A priori cognition according to phenomenologists. Rationalism and irrationalism.

1.2. The problem of the limits of cognition. Two understandings of transcendence. The problem of immanent limits of cognition. Epistemological immanent idealism (Berkeley, Hume). Epistemological immanent realism. Epistemological transcendental idealism. Kant's transcendental idealism. Realism. Positivism. Neopositivism.

1.3 Metaphysical issues. The problem of ideal objects. The dispute over universals. A modern version of the dispute over universals. Subjective idealism. Objective idealism. Hegel's dialectic. Hegel's dialectics and Marx's dialectics. Metaphysical realism. Naive and critical realism.

2. Selected representatives of modern philosophy.

2.1 Descartes. Descartes method. The truth criterion. Getting to know God and the world. Epistemology. Philosophy of nature. Anthropology. The issue of freedom. Descartes' successors. Melabranche. Melabrache's occasionalism and ontologism. Spinoza. Spinoza's rationalism and pantheism. The identity of the spiritual and corporeal being. Spinoza's Anthropology and Ethics.

2.2 Francis Bacon. Bacon's new method.

2.3 Galileo. The Scientific Method of Galileo.

2.4 Tomasz Hobbes. Materialism and sensualism. Determinism. Naturalistic theory of society.

2.5 Edward Herbert of Cherbury and the concept of natural religion.

2.6 John Locke and empiricism. The science of the formation of concepts. Locke's theory of ideas. Locke's Political Philosophy.

2.7 Anthony Ashley Cooper and the concept of natural morality.

2.8 Kant. Kant's Criticism. Criticism of pure reason. Criticism of practical reason. Philosophy of law. Philosophy of Religion. Frederick Henryk Jacobi as a critic of Kant.

2.9 German idealism. Fichte. Pure subjective idealism of Fichte. Hegel. The subject and general principles of Hegel's philosophy. Hegel's dialectic. Logic. Philosophy of nature. Philosophy of spirit. Hegelian philosophy of law and state.

2.10 Jan Fryderyk Herbart and the critique of idealism. Herbart's realism.

3. Modern socio-economic philosophy.

3.1 Social philosophy of mercantilism.

3.2 Socio-economic philosophy of physiocrats.

3.3 Adam Smith's socio-economic philosophy. The concept of "homo oeconomicus".

4. Elements of contemporary philosophy.

4.1 The issue of directness and indirectness of cognition. The theory of direct cognition in phenomenology. Cartesian idea of ​​methodological doubt and Husserl's transcendental reduction.

4.2 Criticism of the idea of ​​direct cognition, Cartesian doubt, and phenomenological reduction in contemporary philosophy. Peirce's theory of indirect cognition. Sign theory. Criticism of the idea of ​​epoche (assumptionlessness of cognition). Peirce's pragmatism. Cassirer's philosophy of symbolic forms.

4.3. Hermeneutics. Friedrich Schleiermacher. Johan Gustaw Droysen. Wilhelm Dilthey. Gadamer. Bettie's realistic hermeneutics.

4.4 Konrad Lorenz's cognitive realism.

4.5 Scheler and Hartmann's phenomenological philosophy of values.

5. Existentialism.

5.1 Kierkegard. The principal existential problem of Kierkegard. The Socratic paradox and the Kierkegard solution. Skepticism and faith.

5.2 Nietzsche.

5.3 Contemporary existentialism. Heideger. Sartre.

Bibliography:

K. Pawłowski: skrypt do wykładu w wersji elektronicznej (podawany w częściach na platformie Moodle)

W. Tatarkiewicz, Historia filozofii, wyd. dowolne

Wymagania wstępne: (in Polish)

Zaliczony semestr poprzedni

Classes in period "Summer semester 2021/22" (past)

Time span: 2022-02-01 - 2022-06-30
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class:
Lectures, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Magdalena Bober-Jankowska, Kazimierz Pawłowski, Joanna Zajkowska
Group instructors: Kazimierz Pawłowski
Course homepage: https://teams.microsoft.com/l/team/19%3a_OvkpzMOla2ctdIc9bgnPkNV3aiSrdLbSW8IRYWW4d01%40thread.tacv2/conversations?groupId=fa2249d6-203b-4ae1-8fb0-b1ca81d7a05c&tenantId=12578430-c51b-4816-8163-c7281035b9b3
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: Course - examination
Lectures - examination
(in Polish) E-Learning:

(in Polish) E-Learning (pełny kurs) z podziałem na grupy

(in Polish) Opis nakładu pracy studenta w ECTS:

ECTS credits:

30 h - lecture - 1 point

30 h - exam preparation and reading - 1 point

Type of subject:

obligatory

(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych:

(in Polish) nie dotyczy

Short description:

Course objectives: the students acquire basic knowledge of philosophical as well as the ability to identify key issues and themes of philosophy living in this period.

Full description:

1. General introduction to modern philosophy.

1.1. The problem of sources of knowledge. Psychological and epistemological version of the issue. Apriorism and empiricism (extreme and moderate). The dispute of empiricism and apriorism over the nature of mathematical theorems. Conventionalism. Kant's moderate apiororism. A priori cognition according to phenomenologists. Rationalism and irrationalism.

1.2. The problem of the limits of cognition. Two understandings of transcendence. The problem of immanent limits of cognition. Epistemological immanent idealism (Berkeley, Hume). Epistemological immanent realism. Epistemological transcendental idealism. Kant's transcendental idealism. Realism. Positivism. Neopositivism.

1.3 Metaphysical issues. The problem of ideal objects. The dispute over universals. A modern version of the dispute over universals. Subjective idealism. Objective idealism. Hegel's dialectic. Hegel's dialectics and Marx's dialectics. Metaphysical realism. Naive and critical realism.

2. Selected representatives of modern philosophy.

2.1 Descartes. Descartes method. The truth criterion. Getting to know God and the world. Epistemology. Philosophy of nature. Anthropology. The issue of freedom. Descartes' successors. Melabranche. Melabrache's occasionalism and ontologism. Spinoza. Spinoza's rationalism and pantheism. The identity of the spiritual and corporeal being. Spinoza's Anthropology and Ethics.

2.2 Francis Bacon. Bacon's new method.

2.3 Galileo. The Scientific Method of Galileo.

2.4 Tomasz Hobbes. Materialism and sensualism. Determinism. Naturalistic theory of society.

2.5 Edward Herbert of Cherbury and the concept of natural religion.

2.6 John Locke and empiricism. The science of the formation of concepts. Locke's theory of ideas. Locke's Political Philosophy.

2.7 Anthony Ashley Cooper and the concept of natural morality.

2.8 Kant. Kant's Criticism. Criticism of pure reason. Criticism of practical reason. Philosophy of law. Philosophy of Religion. Frederick Henryk Jacobi as a critic of Kant.

2.9 German idealism. Fichte. Pure subjective idealism of Fichte. Hegel. The subject and general principles of Hegel's philosophy. Hegel's dialectic. Logic. Philosophy of nature. Philosophy of spirit. Hegelian philosophy of law and state.

2.10 Jan Fryderyk Herbart and the critique of idealism. Herbart's realism.

3. Modern socio-economic philosophy.

3.1 Social philosophy of mercantilism.

3.2 Socio-economic philosophy of physiocrats.

3.3 Adam Smith's socio-economic philosophy. The concept of "homo oeconomicus".

4. Elements of contemporary philosophy.

4.1 The issue of directness and indirectness of cognition. The theory of direct cognition in phenomenology. Cartesian idea of ​​methodological doubt and Husserl's transcendental reduction.

4.2 Criticism of the idea of ​​direct cognition, Cartesian doubt, and phenomenological reduction in contemporary philosophy. Peirce's theory of indirect cognition. Sign theory. Criticism of the idea of ​​epoche (assumptionlessness of cognition). Peirce's pragmatism. Cassirer's philosophy of symbolic forms.

4.3. Hermeneutics. Friedrich Schleiermacher. Johan Gustaw Droysen. Wilhelm Dilthey. Gadamer. Bettie's realistic hermeneutics.

4.4 Konrad Lorenz's cognitive realism.

4.5 Scheler and Hartmann's phenomenological philosophy of values.

5. Existentialism.

5.1 Kierkegard. The principal existential problem of Kierkegard. The Socratic paradox and the Kierkegard solution. Skepticism and faith.

5.2 Nietzsche.

5.3 Contemporary existentialism. Heideger. Sartre.

Bibliography:

K. Pawłowski: skrypt do wykładu w wersji elektronicznej

W. Tatarkiewicz, Historia filozofii, wyd. dowolne

K. Ajdukiewicz, Zagadnienia i kierunki filozofii, Warszawa 2003

W. Tatarkiewicz, Historia filozofii, wyd. dowolne

R.H. Popkin, Filozofia, Poznań 1994

D. Collinson, Pięćdziesięciu wielkich filozofów, Poznań 1997

Z. Kuderowicz red., Filozofia XX wieku, Warszawa 2002

A. Miś, Filozofia współczesna, Warszawa 2003

Classes in period "Summer semester 2022/23" (future)

Time span: 2023-02-01 - 2023-06-30
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class:
Lectures, 30 hours more information
Coordinators: Magdalena Bober-Jankowska, Kazimierz Pawłowski, Joanna Zajkowska
Group instructors: Kazimierz Pawłowski
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: Course - examination
Lectures - examination
(in Polish) Opis nakładu pracy studenta w ECTS:

ECTS credits:

30 h - lecture - 1 point

30 h - exam preparation and reading - 1 point

Type of subject:

obligatory

(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych:

(in Polish) nie dotyczy

Short description:

Course objectives: the students acquire basic knowledge of philosophical as well as the ability to identify key issues and themes of philosophy living in this period.

Full description:

1. General introduction to modern philosophy.

1.1. The problem of sources of knowledge. Psychological and epistemological version of the issue. Apriorism and empiricism (extreme and moderate). The dispute of empiricism and apriorism over the nature of mathematical theorems. Conventionalism. Kant's moderate apiororism. A priori cognition according to phenomenologists. Rationalism and irrationalism.

1.2. The problem of the limits of cognition. Two understandings of transcendence. The problem of immanent limits of cognition. Epistemological immanent idealism (Berkeley, Hume). Epistemological immanent realism. Epistemological transcendental idealism. Kant's transcendental idealism. Realism. Positivism. Neopositivism.

1.3 Metaphysical issues. The problem of ideal objects. The dispute over universals. A modern version of the dispute over universals. Subjective idealism. Objective idealism. Hegel's dialectic. Hegel's dialectics and Marx's dialectics. Metaphysical realism. Naive and critical realism.

2. Selected representatives of modern philosophy.

2.1 Descartes. Descartes method. The truth criterion. Getting to know God and the world. Epistemology. Philosophy of nature. Anthropology. The issue of freedom. Descartes' successors. Melabranche. Melabrache's occasionalism and ontologism. Spinoza. Spinoza's rationalism and pantheism. The identity of the spiritual and corporeal being. Spinoza's Anthropology and Ethics.

2.2 Francis Bacon. Bacon's new method.

2.3 Galileo. The Scientific Method of Galileo.

2.4 Tomasz Hobbes. Materialism and sensualism. Determinism. Naturalistic theory of society.

2.5 Edward Herbert of Cherbury and the concept of natural religion.

2.6 John Locke and empiricism. The science of the formation of concepts. Locke's theory of ideas. Locke's Political Philosophy.

2.7 Anthony Ashley Cooper and the concept of natural morality.

2.8 Kant. Kant's Criticism. Criticism of pure reason. Criticism of practical reason. Philosophy of law. Philosophy of Religion. Frederick Henryk Jacobi as a critic of Kant.

2.9 German idealism. Fichte. Pure subjective idealism of Fichte. Hegel. The subject and general principles of Hegel's philosophy. Hegel's dialectic. Logic. Philosophy of nature. Philosophy of spirit. Hegelian philosophy of law and state.

2.10 Jan Fryderyk Herbart and the critique of idealism. Herbart's realism.

3. Modern socio-economic philosophy.

3.1 Social philosophy of mercantilism.

3.2 Socio-economic philosophy of physiocrats.

3.3 Adam Smith's socio-economic philosophy. The concept of "homo oeconomicus".

4. Elements of contemporary philosophy.

4.1 The issue of directness and indirectness of cognition. The theory of direct cognition in phenomenology. Cartesian idea of ​​methodological doubt and Husserl's transcendental reduction.

4.2 Criticism of the idea of ​​direct cognition, Cartesian doubt, and phenomenological reduction in contemporary philosophy. Peirce's theory of indirect cognition. Sign theory. Criticism of the idea of ​​epoche (assumptionlessness of cognition). Peirce's pragmatism. Cassirer's philosophy of symbolic forms.

4.3. Hermeneutics. Friedrich Schleiermacher. Johan Gustaw Droysen. Wilhelm Dilthey. Gadamer. Bettie's realistic hermeneutics.

4.4 Konrad Lorenz's cognitive realism.

4.5 Scheler and Hartmann's phenomenological philosophy of values.

5. Existentialism.

5.1 Kierkegard. The principal existential problem of Kierkegard. The Socratic paradox and the Kierkegard solution. Skepticism and faith.

5.2 Nietzsche.

5.3 Contemporary existentialism. Heideger. Sartre.

Bibliography:

Literatura pomocnicza do wykładu:

K. Ajdukiewicz, Zagadnienia i kierunki filozofii, Warszawa 2003

W. Tatarkiewicz, Historia filozofii, wyd. dowolne

R.H. Popkin, Filozofia, Poznań 1994

D. Collinson, Pięćdziesięciu wielkich filozofów, Poznań 1997

Z. Kuderowicz red., Filozofia XX wieku, Warszawa 2002

A. Miś, Filozofia współczesna, Warszawa 2003

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